Many interior designers follow the rule that a room should have more than one source of light. So combine different types of lighting to create the right atmosphere.
There are three types of lighting: task, mood and accent. Ceiling lights are used to illuminate an area or most of a room, so they should be fairly bright. In areas such as hallways, they are usually the only source of light. In bedrooms and living rooms, ceiling lights work with lamps to provide task and accent lighting. Dimmer switches are an interesting addition that instantly turn ceiling lights into eye-pleasing accent lighting.
Every room requires a certain level of brightness
Choose a ceiling lamp that is bright enough for your room using lumens. First, determine the area of your room (simply multiply the length by the width). You also need to know that:
- Dining rooms and kitchens need 30-40 lumens per square meter.
- Living rooms, bedrooms and hallways need 20 lumens per square meter.
Multiply the required lumens by the square footage of the room. In a 10 x 12 meter bedroom, you need 2400 lumens. Bulbs have different brightness levels, so check the packaging to determine the number of lumens. Here’s an interesting guideline:
- 450 lumens = 40 watts
- 800 lumens = 60 watts
- 1100 lumens = 75 watts
For a 10 x 12 bedroom, you need a ceiling lamp with four 60 watt bulbs or six 40 watt bulbs. For an LED ceiling lamp, choose one that emits 2400 lumens.
Installed directly against the ceiling without a gap, flush mount lamps are ideal for rooms with low ceilings. They are easy to install using existing wiring. The large diameter flush mount fixture will cover the ceiling marks from older, small lamps. Because it fits tightly to the ceiling surface, these lights have other advantages as well:
- Easy to maintain because they don’t collect dust or insects.
- Low-profile light fixtures fit ceilings 2-3 meters high.
- Safer in high-traffic areas and children’s rooms.
- Large selection of practical, affordable designs.
- Trendy finishes such as black, brass and gold to match lighting throughout the home.
How to mix and match ceiling lights
Ceiling lamps should coordinate with those in your kitchen, dining room chandelier and living room lighting. Even in a traditional home, different rooms require a consistent design plan
Follow these tips to create a cohesive arrangement:
- Take cues from your furniture and overall architecture – do you like minimalist, cozy cottage, formal, modern farmhouse or modern glam?
- Measure your ceiling height to know what will fit.
- Ceiling fixtures don’t have to be nearly identical in all rooms – but they should be similar in scale, style and color.
- Don’t mix extremely ornate lighting with very simple styles, such as concrete lamps.
- Choose dark finishes, such as black or brown, if your home has dark door hardware
- Choose chrome, brushed steel or black with silver if your home has chrome door hardware.
- Brass, gold and black work beautifully with brass hardware.
- Repeat decorative details such as crystal drops, lampshades, or candles to maintain consistency between different spaces.